Associations of Dietary Pattern and Sleep Duration with Cognitive Decline in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Seven-Year Follow-Up Cohort Study.
Xianwen Shang, Allison M Hodge, Edward Hill, Zhuoting Zhu, Mingguang He
J Alzheimers Dis | IOS Press | Published : 2021
BACKGROUND: A few studies have linked dietary patterns and sleep to cognitive decline. OBJECTIVE: To examine the independent and joint associations of dietary patterns and sleep with cognitive decline. METHODS: Our analysis included 2,307 participants aged 55- 89 years at baseline from the China Health and Nutrition Survey. Dietary intake was assessed using weighing methods in combination with 24 h dietary recalls for three consecutive days. Exploratory factor analysis was applied to identify major dietary factors. Cognition was assessed in 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, and 2015. RESULTS: Five dietary patterns were identified: dairy-fruits-fast foods, grains-vegetables-pork, plant-based food, bean..View full abstract