Book Chapter

Early child development in low- and middle-income countries: Is it what mothers have or what they do that makes a difference to child outcomes?

Nirmala Rao, Caroline Cohrssen, Jin Sun, Yufen Su, Michal Perlman

Advances in Child Development and Behavior | Advances in Child Development and Behavior | Published : 2021


Child developmental theories and a large body of literature underscore the importance of both home and preschool influences on early childhood outcomes. We leveraged data from UNICEF'S Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, a nationally representative international household survey that has collected cohort comparable information on children's early development in over 118 low- and middle-income countries since 1995. We focused on data from 216,052 3- to 4-year-olds (106,037 girls) from 28 countries that had undertaken at least two surveys from 2010 to 2018. We considered the impact of maternal education and household wealth (what mothers/caregivers have) on home learning activities and sending..

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