Functional hypogonadism in middle-aged and older men: testosterone treatment or not
Mathis Grossmann, Thomas Hugh Jones
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY | BIOSCIENTIFICA LTD | Published : 2021
Clinicians commonly encounter middle-aged and older men who present with functional hypogonadism, that is, with clinical features compatible with androgen deficiency and lowered serum testosterone, but without evidence of organic hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis pathology. Whether, and when, testosterone therapy should be offered to such men remains uncertain and controversial, in part due to the lack of definitive evidence regarding long-term patient-important health outcomes with testosterone treatment. In this debate, we address this controversy and provide two opposing points of view on the role of testosterone treatment in older men with functional hypogonadism.