Comparing surveillance approaches to support regaining free status after a foot-and-mouth disease outbreak
Graeme Garner, Wilna Vosloo, Sorada Tapsuwan, Richard Bradhurst, Ann Hillberg Seitzinger, Andrew C Breed, Tim Capon
PREVENTIVE VETERINARY MEDICINE | ELSEVIER | Published : 2021
Following an FMD eradication program, surveillance will be required to demonstrate that the program has been successful. The World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) provides guidelines including waiting periods and appropriate surveillance to support regaining FMD-free status. Serological surveillance is the recommended method for demonstrating freedom but is time consuming and expensive. New technologies such as real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) tests and sampling techniques such as bulk milk testing (BMT) of dairy cattle, oral swabs, and saliva collection with rope tethers in piggeries could enable surveillance to be done more efficiently. Epidemiologic..View full abstract
The authors acknowledge the assistance of P Kirkland from Elizabeth Macarthur Agriculture Institute, Australian Centre for Disease Pre-paredness staff, jurisdictional animal health staff who contributed to discussions and provided values and cost estimates for diagnostic testing and disease control parameters. This project was supported by Meat & Livestock Australia (MLA) , through funding from the Australian Gov-ernment Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment as part of its Rural R&D for Profit program, and by producer levies from Australian FMD-susceptible livestock (cattle, sheep, goats and pigs) in-dustries and Charles Sturt University (CSU) , leveraging significant in-kind support from the research partners.