Journal article

Targeting Replication Stress Using CHK1 Inhibitor Promotes Innate and NKT Cell Immune Responses and Tumour Regression

Martina Proctor, Jazmina L Gonzalez Cruz, Sheena M Daignault-Mill, Margaret Veitch, Bijun Zeng, Anna Ehmann, Muhammed Sabdia, Cameron Snell, Colm Keane, Riccardo Dolcetti, Nikolas K Haass, James W Wells, Brian Gabrielli

CANCERS | MDPI | Published : 2021

Abstract

Drugs selectively targeting replication stress have demonstrated significant preclinical activity, but this has not yet translated into an effective clinical treatment. Here we report that targeting increased replication stress with a combination of Checkpoint kinase 1 inhibitor (CHK1i) with a subclinical dose of hydroxyurea targets also promotes pro-inflammatory cytokine/chemokine expression that is independent of cGAS-STING pathway activation and immunogenic cell death in human and murine melanoma cells. In vivo, this drug combination induces tumour regression which is dependent on an adaptive immune response. It increases cytotoxic CD8+ T cell activity, but the major adaptive immune respo..

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