Journal article

A hierarchy of mindreading strategies in joint action participation

Todd Larson Landes, Piers Douglas Howe, Yoshihisa Kashima

JUDGMENT AND DECISION MAKING | SOC JUDGMENT & DECISION MAKING | Published : 2021

Abstract

This paper introduces the Hierarchical Mindreading Model (HMM), a new model of mindreading in two-person, mixed-motive games such as the Prisoners’ Dilemma. The HMM proposes that the strategies available to decision makers in these games can be classified on a hierarchy according to the type of mindreading involved. At Level 0 of the HMM, there is no attempt to infer the intentions of the other player from any of the context-specific information (i.e., signals, payoffs, or partner reliability). At Level 1, decision makers rely on signals to infer the other’s intention, without considering the possibility that those signals might not reflect the other’s true intention. Finally, in Level 2 str..

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