Indirect vs direct bonding of mandibular fixed retainers in orthodontic patients: A single-center randomized controlled trial comparing placement time and failure over a 6-month period
Efstathia Bovali, Stavros Kiliaridis, Marie A Cornelis
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS AND DENTOFACIAL ORTHOPEDICS | MOSBY-ELSEVIER | Published : 2014
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this 2-arm parallel single-center trial was to compare placement time and numbers of failures of mandibular lingual retainers bonded with an indirect procedure vs a direct bonding procedure. METHODS: Sixty-four consecutive patients at the postgraduate orthodontic clinic of the University of Geneva in Switzerland scheduled for debonding and mandibular fixed retainer placement were randomly allocated to either an indirect bonding procedure or a traditional direct bonding procedure. Eligibility criteria were the presence of the 4 mandibular incisors and the 2 mandibular canines, and no active caries, restorations, fractures, or periodontal disease of these teeth. ..View full abstract
Methodologic support was provided by the Clinical Research Center, University of Geneva, and Geneva University Hospitals (Dr Delphine Courvoisier). We thank Dr Gregory S. Antonarakis for rereading the manuscript and Ivor Leahy, our laboratory technician.