Breastfeeding and Risk of Late-Onset Group B Streptococcal Disease.
Natasha S Ching, Jim P Buttery, Emily Lai, Andrew C Steer, Jane Standish, Joel Ziffer, Andrew J Daley, Richard Doherty
Pediatrics | Published : 2021
BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a major contributor to neonatal sepsis worldwide. Late-onset group B Streptococcus disease (LOGBS) and its risk factors remain poorly understood. The isolation of GBS from breast milk has been described in cases of LOGBS. This potential association has raised concerns for mothers and clinicians regarding the safety of ongoing breastfeeding. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether exposure to breast milk is associated with increased risk of LOGBS. METHODS: A case-control study of LOGBS was conducted across 4 hospital networks in Victoria, Australia, including the 2 major tertiary pediatric centers in the state, to evaluate 11 years of data (20..View full abstract