Conference Proceedings

Needle in a Haystack: Label-Efficient Evaluation under Extreme Class Imbalance

NG Marchant, BIP Rubinstein

Proceedings of the ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining | ACM | Published : 2021

Abstract

Important tasks like record linkage and extreme classification demonstrate extreme class imbalance, with 1 minority instance to every 1 million or more majority instances. Obtaining a sufficient sample of all classes, even just to achieve statistically-significant evaluation, is so challenging that most current approaches yield poor estimates or incur impractical cost. Where importance sampling has been levied against this challenge, restrictive constraints are placed on performance metrics, estimates do not come with appropriate guarantees, or evaluations cannot adapt to incoming labels. This paper develops a framework for online evaluation based on adaptive importance sampling. Given a tar..

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