Natural history of mental health competence from childhood to adolescence.
Meredith O'Connor, Sarah J Arnup, Fiona Mensah, Craig Olsson, Sharon Goldfeld, Russell M Viner, Steven Hope
J Epidemiol Community Health | BMJ | Published : 2021
BACKGROUND: Mental health competence (MHC) involves psychosocial capabilities such as regulating emotions, interacting well with peers and caring for others, and predicts a range of health and social outcomes. This study examines the course of MHC from childhood to adolescence and patterning by gender and disadvantage, in Australian and UK contexts. METHODS: Data: Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (n=4983) and the Millennium Cohort Study (n=18 296). Measures: A measure capturing key aspects of MHC was derived summing items from the parent-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, assessed at 4-5 years, 6-7 years, 10-11 years and 14-15 years. Analysis: Proportions of children..View full abstract