Neighborhood disadvantage and longitudinal brain-predicted-age trajectory during adolescence.
Divyangana Rakesh, Vanessa Cropley, Andrew Zalesky, Nandita Vijayakumar, Nicholas B Allen, Sarah Whittle
Dev Cogn Neurosci | Elsevier BV | Published : 2021
Neighborhood disadvantage has consistently been linked to alterations in brain structure; however, positive environmental (e.g., positive parenting) and psychological factors (e.g., temperament) may buffer these effects. We aimed to investigate associations between neighborhood disadvantage and deviations from typical neurodevelopmental trajectories during adolescence, and examine the moderating role of positive parenting and temperamental effortful control (EC). Using a large dataset (n = 1313), a normative model of brain morphology was established, which was then used to predict the age of youth from a longitudinal dataset (n = 166, three time-points at age 12, 16, and 19). Using linear mi..View full abstract
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