Epidemiology of scoliosis in cerebral palsy: A population-based study at skeletal maturity
Kate L Willoughby, Soon Ghee Ang, Pam Thomason, Erich Rutz, Benjamin Shore, Aaron J Buckland, Michael B Johnson, H Kerr Graham
JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRICS AND CHILD HEALTH | WILEY | Published : 2021
AIM: This study investigated the prevalence of scoliosis in a large, population-based cohort of individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) at skeletal maturity to identify associated risk factors that may inform scoliosis surveillance. METHODS: Young people with CP born between 1990 and 1992 were reviewed through routine orthopaedic review or a transition clinic. Classification of CP was recorded by movement disorder, distribution, gross and fine motor function. Clinical examination was undertaken and those with clinical evidence of scoliosis or risk factors had radiographs of the spine. Scoliosis severity was measured and categorised by Cobb angle. RESULTS: Two hundred and ninety-two individuals ..View full abstract
KL Willoughby is supported by funding from the Galli Family Trust, E Rutz is supported by the Bob Dickens Fellowship in Paediatric Orthopaedics and HK Graham receives non-financial support from NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence 'CP-ACHIEVE'. We acknowledge assistance with statistical analyses from Pam Simpson, Biostatistician, Monash University, Victoria, Australia.