Journal article

Human Milk Metabolic Hormones: Analytical Methods and Current Understanding.

Majed A Suwaydi, Zoya Gridneva, Sharon L Perrella, Mary E Wlodek, Ching Tat Lai, Donna T Geddes

Int J Mol Sci | Published : 2021

Abstract

Human milk (HM) contains a wide array of peptide hormones including leptin and adiponectin, which are involved in the regulation of infant growth and development. These essential hormones might play an important role in the regulation of metabolic reprogramming of the new-born infant. However, HM hormone studies are sparse and heterogeneous in regard to the study design, sample collection, preparation and analysis methods. This review discussed the limitations of HM hormone analysis highlighting the gaps in pre-analytical and analytical stages. The methods used to quantify HM metabolic hormones (leptin, adiponectin, ghrelin, insulin, obestatin, resistin and apelin) can be classified as immun..

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