Thesis / Dissertation

Mechanisms Driving Persistent Atrial Fibrillation: Insights from Endocardial-Epicardial Dissociation and Regional High-Density Mapping of the Human Atrium

Ramanathan Parameswaran, Jonathan Kalman (ed.)

Published : 2020

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an extremely common clinical problem with increasing global prevalence. Besides its frequent association with stroke, heart failure and increased mortality, recent data have shown the significant quality of life impairment and psychological distress that results from this arrhythmia. The clinical spectrum of AF can manifest as brief episodic paroxysmal AF or as a sustained arrhythmia in persistent AF in patients with progressive atrial disease. Mechanistically, paroxysmal AF is often triggered by rapidly firing impulses that originate in the pulmonary veins, allowing catheter-mediated elimination of sources, with clinical success rates of 70–85%. However, in persi..

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