Journal article

No evidence for cumulating socioeconomic advantage. Ability explains increasing SES effects with age on children's domain test scores

Gary N Marks, Michael O'Connell

INTELLIGENCE | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2021

Abstract

Studies that investigate the effects of socioeconomic background (SES) on student achievement tend to find stronger SES effects with age, although there is much inconsistency between studies. There is also a large academic literature on cumulative advantage arguing that SES inequalities increase as children age, a type of Matthew Effect. This study analysing data from the children of NLSY79 mothers (N ≈ 9000, Obs ≈ 27,000) investigates the relationship of SES by children's age for two cognitive domains (Peabody Picture Vocabulary test and digit span memory) and three achievement domains (reading comprehension, reading recognition and math). There are small increases in the SES-test score cor..

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University of Melbourne Researchers