Journal article

The immunological link between neonatal lung and eye disease

Lakshanie C Wickramasinghe, Peter van Wijngaarden, Evelyn Tsantikos, Margaret L Hibbs

CLINICAL & TRANSLATIONAL IMMUNOLOGY | WILEY | Published : 2021

Abstract

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) are two neonatal diseases of major clinical importance, arising in large part as a consequence of supplemental oxygen therapy used to promote the survival of preterm infants. The presence of coincident inflammation in the lungs and eyes of neonates receiving oxygen therapy indicates that a dysregulated immune response serves as a potential common pathogenic factor for both diseases. This review examines the current state of knowledge of immunological dysregulation in BPD and ROP, identifying similarities in the cellular subsets and inflammatory cytokines that are found in the alveoli and retina during the active phase of t..

View full abstract