Non-oxidized cellulose nanofibers as a topical hemostat: In vitro thromboelastometry studies of structure vs function.
Elmira Mohamed, Lucy A Coupland, Philip J Crispin, Ailene Fitzgerald, David R Nisbet, Takuya Tsuzuki
Carbohydr Polym | Published : 2021
Hemorrhage remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality following trauma and during complex surgeries. A variety of nanomaterials, including oxidized cellulose nanofibers (OCNFs), have been studied to overcome the disadvantages of current commercial topical hemostats. However, the relationship between nano-structural characteristics and hemostatic efficacy of non-oxidized cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) has not been elucidated. Herein, we present the first report of the correlation between structure and hemostatic performance of CNFs. In vitro thromboelastometry studies on CNFs, synthesized by ball-milling, showed that there is an optimum balance point between the aspect ratio (AR) and..View full abstract