In vitro evaluation of biodegradable magnesium alloys containing micro-alloying additions of strontium, with and without zinc.
Jun-Lan Wang, Shayanti Mukherjee, David R Nisbet, Nick Birbilis, Xiao-Bo Chen
J Mater Chem B | Published : 2015
The in vitro degradation of magnesium (Mg) alloys containing low levels of strontium (Sr, 0.05, 0.1 and 0.2 wt%), with and without addition of zinc (Zn, 0.5 and 1.0 wt%), was studied for potential use in orthopaedics for fracture treatment. Alloying Mg with Sr was selected as a promising strategy to utilise the biological effect of Sr in inducing accelerated bone tissue growth. The influence of controlled alloying upon degradation rate was studied via electrochemical measurements and immersion tests in minimum essential medium (MEM). Immersion testing revealed a comparable degradation rate of the alloys tested herein, indicating no detrimental effect of Sr on degradation. Cytotoxicity experi..View full abstract