Rheological properties of high melt strength poly(ethylene terephthalate) formed by reactive extrusion
JS Forsythe, K Cheah, DR Nisbet, RK Gupta, A Lau, AR Donovan, MS O'Shea, G Moad
Journal of Applied Polymer Science | Published : 2006
A reactive extrusion process was developed improving the rheological properties of PET via the coaddition of a dianhydride and polyol. Specifically, the coaddition of pyromellitic dianhydride (PMDA) with pentaerythritol resulted in a gel-free polyester with superior melt strengths and viscosities compared to the addition of PMDA alone. The enhancement in rheological properties were dependent on the relative amounts of dianhydride and polyol with the resultant polyester structurally stable in the melt. These results are consistent with the formation of a hyperbranched polyester with long chain branches. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.