Journal article

1230Should multiple imputation be stratified by exposure group when estimating causal effects via outcome regression?

Jiaxin Zhang, S Ghazaleh Dashti, John B Carlin, Katherine J Lee, Margarita Moreno-Betancur

International Journal of Epidemiology | Oxford University Press (OUP) | Published : 2021

Abstract

Abstract Background Outcome regression remains widely applied for estimating causal effects in observational studies, in which causal inference is conceptualised as emulating a randomized controlled trial (RCT). Multiple imputation (MI) is a commonly used method for handling missing data, but while in RCTs it has been shown that MI should be conducted by treatment group to reduce bias, whether imputation should be conducted by exposure group in observational studies has not been studied. Methods We conducted a simulation study to evaluate the performance of seven methods fo..

View full abstract