Journal article

National religiosity eases the psychological burden of poverty

Jana B Berkessel, Jochen E Gebauer, Mohsen Joshanloo, Wiebke Bleidorn, Peter J Rentfrow, Jeff Potter, Samuel D Gosling

PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA | NATL ACAD SCIENCES | Published : 2021

Abstract

Lower socioeconomic status (SES) harms psychological well-being, an effect responsible for widespread human suffering. This effect has long been assumed to weaken as nations develop economically. Recent evidence, however, has contradicted this fundamental assumption, finding instead that the psychological burden of lower SES is even greater in developed nations than in developing ones. That evidence has elicited consternation because it suggests that economic development is no cure for the psychological burden of lower SES. So, why is that burden greatest in developed nations? Here, we test whether national religiosity can explain this puzzle. National religiosity is particularly low in deve..

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Grants

Awarded by German Research Foundation


Awarded by National Research Foundation of Korea


Funding Acknowledgements

We thank Michal Kosinski and Wilhelm Hofmann for their comments on earlier drafts of this work. We acknowledge support from the German Research Foundation (Grants GE 2515/6-1) and from the German National Academic Foundation. This work was also supported by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2017S1A3A2066611).