Journal article

Metagenomic, phylogenetic, and functional characterization of predominant endolithic green sulfur bacteria in the coral Isopora palifera

Shan-Hua Yang, Kshitij Tandon, Chih-Ying Lu, Naohisa Wada, Chao-Jen Shih, Silver Sung-Yun Hsiao, Wann-Neng Jane, Tzan-Chain Lee, Chi-Ming Yang, Chi-Te Liu, Vianney Denis, Yu-Ting Wu, Li-Ting Wang, Lina Huang, Der-Chuen Lee, Yu-Wei Wu, Hideyuki Yamashiro, Sen-Lin Tang

MICROBIOME | BMC | Published : 2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Endolithic microbes in coral skeletons are known to be a nutrient source for the coral host. In addition to aerobic endolithic algae and Cyanobacteria, which are usually described in the various corals and form a green layer beneath coral tissues, the anaerobic photoautotrophic green sulfur bacteria (GSB) Prosthecochloris is dominant in the skeleton of Isopora palifera. However, due to inherent challenges in studying anaerobic microbes in coral skeleton, the reason for its niche preference and function are largely unknown. RESULTS: This study characterized a diverse and dynamic community of endolithic microbes shaped by the availability of light and oxygen. In addition, anaerobic..

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University of Melbourne Researchers