Journal article

Efflux transporters in rat placenta and developing brain: transcriptomic and functional response to paracetamol

LM Koehn, Y Huang, MD Habgood, S Nie, SY Chiou, RB Banati, KM Dziegielewska, NR Saunders

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS | NATURE PORTFOLIO | Published : 2021

Abstract

Adenosine triphosphate binding cassette (ABC) transporters transfer lipid-soluble molecules across cellular interfaces either directly or after enzymatic metabolism. RNAseq analysis identified transcripts for ABC transporters and enzymes in rat E19, P5 and adult brain and choroid plexus and E19 placenta. Their functional capacity to efflux small molecules was studied by quantitative analysis of paracetamol (acetaminophen) and its metabolites using liquid scintillation counting, autoradiography and ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Animals were treated acutely (30 min) and chronically (5 days, twice daily) with paracetamol (15 mg/kg) t..

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