Journal article

Limonene Emissions: Do Different Types Have Different Biological Effects?

Neda Nematollahi, Perran A Ross, Ary A Hoffmann, Spas D Kolev, Anne Steinemann

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH | MDPI | Published : 2021

Abstract

Limonene is one of the most abundant pollutants indoors, and it contributes to the formation of additional pollutants, such as formaldehyde and photochemical smog. Limonene is commonly used in fragranced consumer products, such as cleaning supplies and air fresheners, which have also been associated with health problems. Limonene can exist in different enantiomeric forms (R-limonene and S-limonene) and be derived from different sources. However, little is known about whether different forms and sources of limonene may have different effects. This research explored whether different types of limonene, at the same concentrations, could elicit different biological effects. To investigate this q..

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Grants

Funding Acknowledgements

Funding This research was funded by the Clean Air and Urban Landscapes Hub funded by the Australian Governments National Environmental Science Program; the National Health and Medical Research Council; and the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO).