Journal article

Violence-related deaths among people released from incarceration: systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies

Melissa Willoughby, Jesse T Young, Matthew J Spittal, Rohan Borschmann, Emilia Janca, Prof Stuart A Kinner

ECLINICALMEDICINE | ELSEVIER | Published : 2021

Abstract

Background: People released from incarceration have an increased risk of violence-related death. As deaths from violence are a rare event, meta-analysis is needed to calculate reliable estimates of this risk. We examined the crude mortality rates (CMRs), standardised mortality ratios (SMRs), and predictive factors for violence-related deaths among people released from incarceration. Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, CINCH, and Criminal Justice Abstracts from inception to 14 September 2020 for cohort studies published in English that examined violence-related deaths occurring in the community following release ..

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Grants

Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)


Awarded by Australian Research Council - Australian Government


Funding Acknowledgements

MW is supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Postgraduate Scholarship (GNT1151103). JY receives salary and research support from a NHMRC Investigator Grant (GNT1178027). MS is a recipient of an Australian Research Council Future Fellowship (project number FT180100075) funded by the Australian Government. SK receives salary support from a NHMRC Senior Research Fellowship (GNT1078168). MW, JY, RB and SK are researchers in the NHMRC-funded Centre of Research Excellence in Driving Global Investment in Adolescent Health (GNT1171981)