Unleashing TNF cytotoxicity to enhance cancer immunotherapy.
Andrew J Freeman, Conor J Kearney, John Silke, Jane Oliaro
Trends Immunol | Published : 2021
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a proinflammatory cytokine that is produced and secreted by cytotoxic lymphocytes upon tumor target recognition. Depending on the context, TNF can mediate either pro-survival or pro-death signals. The potential cytotoxicity of T cell-produced TNF, particularly in the context of T cell-directed immunotherapies, has been largely overlooked. However, a spate of recent studies investigating tumor immune evasion through the application of CRISPR-based gene-editing screens have highlighted TNF-mediated killing as an important component of the mammalian T cell antitumor repertoire. In the context of the current understanding of the role of TNF in antitumor immunity, w..View full abstract