Journal article

Evidence that Equine rhinitis A virus VP1 is a target of neutralizing antibodies and participates directly in receptor binding

S Warner, CA Hartley, RA Stevenson, N Ficorilli, A Varrasso, MJ Studdert, BS Crabb

Journal of Virology | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2001

Abstract

Equine rhinitis A virus (ERAV) is a respiratory pathogen of horses and is classified as an Aphthovirus, the only non-Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) member of this genus. In FMDV, virion protein 1 (VP1) is a major target of protective antibodies and is responsible for viral attachment to permissive cells via an RGD motif located in a distal surface loop. Although both viruses share considerable sequence identity, ERAV VP1 does not contain an RGD motif. To investigate antibody and receptor-binding properties of ERAV VP1, we have expressed full-length ERAV VP1 in Escherichia coli as a glutathione S-transferase (GST) fusion protein (GST-VP1). GST-VP1 reacted specifically with antibodies pre..

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