Journal article

Sex, genes, and heat: Triggers of diversity

PS Western, AH Sinclair

JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL ZOOLOGY | WILEY-LISS | Published : 2001

Abstract

In vertebrates, sex is determined by a surprising variety of mechanisms. In many reptiles, the primary testis or ovary-determining trigger is regulated by egg incubation temperature. This temperature dependent sex determining (TSD) mechanism occurs in all crocodilians and marine turtles examined to date and is common in terrestrial turtles and viviparous lizards (Ewert et al. 1994. J Exp Zool 270:3-15; Lang and Andrews. 1994. J Exp Biol 270:28-44; Mrosovsky. 1994. J Exp Zool 270:16-27; Pieau. 1996. Bioessays 18:19-26; Viets et al. 1994. J Exp Zool 270:45-56; Wibbels et al. 1998. J Exp Zool 281:409-416). In contrast, sex in mammals and birds is determined chromosomally (CSD). Despite these di..

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