Journal article

Lipopolysaccharide-induced cell cycle arrest in macrophages occurs independently of nitric oxide synthase II induction

PK Vadiveloo, E Keramidaris, WA Morrison, AG Stewart

BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-MOLECULAR CELL RESEARCH | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2001

Abstract

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS, a Gram-negative bacterium cell wall component) is a potent macrophage activator that inhibits macrophage proliferation and stimulates production of nitric oxide (NO) via NO synthase II (NOSII). We investigated whether NO mediates the LPS-stimulated cell cycle arrest in mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMM). The addition of the NO donor DETA NONOate (200 microM) inhibited BMM proliferation by approx. 80%. However, despite NO being an antimitogen, LPS was as potent at inhibiting proliferation in BMM derived from NOSII-/- mice as from wild-type mice. Consistent with these findings, LPS-induced cell cycle arrest in normal BMM was not reversed by the addition of the..

View full abstract