Journal article

Genome sequence of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum

MJ Gardner, N Hall, E Fung, O White, M Berriman, RW Hyman, JM Carlton, A Pain, KE Nelson, S Bowman, IT Paulsen, K James, JA Eisen, K Rutherford, SL Salzberg, A Craig, S Kyes, MS Chan, V Nene, SJ Shallom Show all

Nature | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2002

Abstract

The parasite Plasmodium falciparum is responsible for hundreds of millions of cases of malaria, and kills more than one million African children annually. Here we report an analysis of the genome sequence of P. falciparum clone 3D7. The 23-megabase nuclear genome consists of 14 chromosomes, encodes about 5,300 genes, and is the most (A + T)-rich genome sequenced to date. Genes involved in antigenic variation are concentrated in the subtelomeric regions of the chromosomes. Compared to the genomes of free-living eukaryotic microbes, the genome of this intracellular parasite encodes fewer enzymes and transporters, but a large proportion of genes are devoted to immune evasion and host-parasite i..

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