Journal article

The rate of gastroenteritis in a large city before and after chlorination

ME Hellard, MI Sinclair, SC Dharmage, MJ Bailey, CK Fairley

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH | CARFAX PUBLISHING | Published : 2002

Abstract

There is conflicting evidence about the contribution of drinking water to endemic community gastroenteritis in water supplies which meet conventional microbiological standards with some studies reporting associations between drinking water and endemic disease and others finding no evidence that water is implicated in disease. This study reports the results of an ecological study investigating the effect on community gastroenteritis of chlorinating a city of over 3 million people in the mid 1970s. Prior to chlorination faecal coliforms were regularly identified in the water. Admissions for gastroenteritis and attendances to the Emergency Department of the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne'..

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