Journal article

Randomized controlled trial of interventions designed to reduce the risk of progression to first-episode psychosis in a clinical sample with subthreshold symptoms

PD McGorry, AR Yung, LJ Phillips, HP Yuen, S Francey, EM Cosgrave, D Germano, J Bravin, T McDonald, A Blair, S Adlard, H Jackson

Archives of General Psychiatry | AMER MEDICAL ASSOC | Published : 2002

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Most disability produced by psychotic illnesses, especially schizophrenia, develops during the prepsychotic period, creating a case for intervention during this period. However, only recently has it been possible to engage people in treatment during this phase. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial compared 2 interventions in 59 patients at incipient risk of progression to first-episode psychosis. We termed this group ultra-high risk to emphasize the enhanced risk vs conventional genetic high-risk studies. Needs-based intervention was compared with specific preventive intervention comprising low-dose risperidone therapy (mean dosage, 1.3 mg/d) and cognitive behavior therapy. Tre..

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