Journal article

Decreased concentrations of heparinoids are required to inhibit thrombin generation in plasma from newborns and children compared to plasma from adults due to reduced thrombin potential

AKC Chan, LR Berry, PT Monagle, M Andrew

THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS | SCHATTAUER GMBH-VERLAG MEDIZIN NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN | Published : 2002

Abstract

Thrombin generation is decreased and delayed in plasma from newborns and children compared to adults. We hypothesized that lower doses of heparinoid anticoagulants are required to give similar thrombin generation in newborn (umbilical cord) and child plasmas compared to that of adults. Thrombin generation was performed in either the absence or presence of unfractionated heparin (UFH), low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) or a covalent antithrombin-heparin complex (ATH). After contact activation and recalcification of each plasma, thrombin activity was measured by periodic sub-sampling into chromogenic substrate. UFH inhibited thrombin generation to a greater extent compared to LMWH in all pla..

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