Association of stress proteins with autoantigens: a possible mechanism for triggering autoimmunity?
AW Purcell, A Todd, G Kinoshita, TA Lynch, CL Keech, MJ Gething, TP Gordon
CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY | WILEY | Published : 2003
Patterns of autoantibody production are diagnostic of many autoimmune disorders; the recent observation of additional autospecificities towards stress-induced proteins may also provide insight into the mechanisms by which such responses arise. Grp78 (also known as BiP) is a target of autoaggressive B and T cell responses in our murine model of anti-Ro (SS-A) autoimmunity and also in rheumatoid arthritis. In this report we demonstrate reciprocal intermolecular spreading occurs between Ro52 and Grp78 in immunized mice, reflecting physiological association of these molecules in vivo. Moreover, we provide direct biochemical evidence that Grp78 associates with the clinically relevant autoantigen,..View full abstract