The role of class IHLH genes in neural development - have they been overlooked?
JIT Heng, SS Tan
BIOESSAYS | COMPANY OF BIOLOGISTS LTD | Published : 2003
Helix-loop-helix (HLH) genes encode for transcription factors affecting a whole variety of developmental programs, including neurogenesis. At least seven functional classes (denoted I to VII) of HLH genes exist, (1) with subclass members exhibiting homo- and heterodimerisation for proper DNA binding and transcriptional regulation of downstream target genes. In the developing nervous system, members of class II, V and VI have been most extensively studied concerning their roles in neural programming. In contrast, the function of class I proteins (such as E12 and E47) is poorly defined and the orthodox view relegates them to general dimerisation duties that are necessary for the activity of th..View full abstract