Journal article

Risk factors for new detection of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in acute-care hospitals that employ strict infection control procedures

AA Padiglione, R Wolfe, EA Grabsch, D Olden, SH Pearson, C Franklin, D Spelman, B Mayall, PDR Johnson, ML Grayson

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2003

Abstract

Accurate assessment of the risk factors for colonization with vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) among high-risk patients is often confounded by nosocomial VRE transmission. We undertook a 15-month prospective cohort study of adults admitted to high-risk units (hematology, renal, transplant, and intensive care) in three teaching hospitals that used identical strict infection control and isolation procedures for VRE to minimize nosocomial spread. Rectal swab specimens for culture were regularly obtained, and the results were compared with patient demographic factors and antibiotic exposure data. Compliance with screening was defined as "optimal" (100% compliance) or "acceptable" (minor pr..

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