Current status and opportunities of hydrogen production from biomass
Destination Renewables | ANZSES Australia & New Zealand Solar Energy Society | Published : 2003
This paper investigates the current status of hydrogen production from biomass via thermal gasification and steam reforming and future opportunities. The current cost of central hydrogen production via this technology is found to be US$ 25/GJ HHV (US$ 3.6/kg H2) which is about two times more expensive than the current gasoline production cost for the same energy content. Further cost reduction opportunities exist with the integration of waste biomass (such as organic fraction of municipal solid waste, sewage, animal manures, forestry and agricultural residues) disposal.