Journal article

mTOR-Dependent regulation of ribosomal gene transcription requires S6K1 and is mediated by phosphorylation of the carboxy-terminal activation domain of the nucleolar transcription factor UBF

KM Hannan, Y Brandenburger, A Jenkins, K Sharkey, A Cavanaugh, L Rothblum, T Moss, G Poortinga, GA McArthur, RB Pearson, RD Hannan

Molecular and Cellular Biology | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2003

Abstract

Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key regulator of cell growth acting via two independent targets, ribosomal protein S6 kinase 1 (S6K1) and 4EBP1. While each is known to regulate translational efficiency, the mechanism by which they control cell growth remains unclear. In addition to increased initiation of translation, the accelerated synthesis and accumulation of ribosomes are fundamental for efficient cell growth and proliferation. Using the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin, we show that mTOR is required for the rapid and sustained serum-induced activation of 45S ribosomal gene transcription (rDNA transcription), a major rate-limiting step in ribosome biogenesis and cellular growth. Expre..

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