Journal article

A type II pathway for fatty acid biosynthesis presents drug targets in Plasmodium falciparum

RF Waller, SA Ralph, MB Reed, V Su, JD Douglas, DE Minnikin, AF Cowman, GS Besra, GI McFadden

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2003

Abstract

It has long been held that the malaria parasite, Plasmodium sp., is incapable of de novo fatty acid synthesis. This view has recently been overturned with the emergence of data for the presence of a fatty acid biosynthetic pathway in the relict plastid of P. falciparum (known as the apicoplast). This pathway represents the type II pathway common to plant chloroplasts and bacteria but distinct from the type I pathway of animals including humans. Specific inhibitors of the type II pathway, thiolactomycin and triclosan, have been reported to target this Plasmodium pathway. Here we report further inhibitors of the plastid-based pathway that inhibit Plasmodium parasites. These include several ana..

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