Journal article

Progressive patterned scalp hypotrichosis, with wiry hair, onycholysis, and intermittently associated cleft lip and palate: Clinical and genetic distinction from Marie Unna

J Green, E Fitzpatrick, D de Berker, SM Forrest, RD Sinclair

JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE DERMATOLOGY SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2003

Abstract

Marie Unna hereditary hypotrichosis has been described in over a dozen families since 1924. Features include scant or no eyebrows at birth, the development of firm wiry hair in the first few years of life followed by a progressive patterned scalp alopecia in the second or third decade. This is associated with generalized hypotrichosis of the body and the condition is nonsyndromic. We have identified a novel form of autosomal dominant ectodermal dysplasia that resembles Marie Unna hereditary hypotrichosis in a family of 23 members over four generations. Affected individuals have patterned hair loss and associated hair shaft dystrophy similar to that seen in Marie Unna hereditary hypotrichosis..

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