Journal article

The effect of pericardial restraint, atrial pacing, and increased heart rate on left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in patients undergoing cardiac surgery

CF Royse, AG Royse, CT Wong, PF Soeding

ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2003

Abstract

UNLABELLED: Baseline measurements of systolic and diastolic function performed after the induction of anesthesia may be compared with subsequent measurements acquired under different physical conditions such as open pericardium and different heart rate or rhythm. We acquired data from 21 patients undergoing coronary artery surgery. Combined echocardiographic and pulmonary artery catheter measurements were performed before and after pericardial opening, atrial pacing at the native rate, and atrial pacing 30 bpm faster. Indices of systolic function included fractional area change, afterload corrected fractional area change, and myocardial performance index; diastolic function included mitral i..

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