Journal article

Lactacystin-induced apoptosis of cultured mouse cortical neurons is associated with accumulation of PTEN in the detergent-resistant membrane fraction

NS Cheung, MS Choy, B Halliwell, TS Teo, BH Bay, AYW Lee, RZ Qi, VH Koh, M Whiteman, ESC Koay, LL Chiu, HJ Zhu, KP Wong, PM Beart, HC Cheng

CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES | SPRINGER BASEL AG | Published : 2004

Abstract

The tumor suppressor function of PTEN is attributed to its phospholipid phosphatase activity that dephosphorylates the plasma membrane phosphatidylinositol-(3,4,5)-triphosphate [PtdIns(3,4,5)P3]. Implicit in this notion is that PTEN needs to be targeted to the plasma membrane to dephosphorylate PtdIns(3,4,5)P3. However, the recruitment of PTEN to the plasma membrane is not fully understood. Here, we demonstrate PTEN accumulation in the detergent-insoluble fraction of neuronal cells in response to treatment by the proteasome inhibitor lactacystin. First, lactacystin induces apoptosis and the activation of caspase-3 in cultured cortical neurons. Second, PTEN undergoes proteolysis to form a tru..

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