Journal article

Effects on rotavirus cell binding and infection of monomeric and polymeric peptides containing alpha 2 beta 1 and alpha x beta 2 integrin ligand sequences

KL Graham, WG Zeng, Y Takada, DC Jackson, BS Coulson

Journal of Virology | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2004

Abstract

Integrin-using rotaviruses bind MA104 cell surface alpha2beta1 integrin via the Asp-Gly-Glu (DGE) sequence in virus spike protein VP4 and interact with alphaxbeta2 integrin during cell entry through outer capsid protein VP7. Infection is inhibited by the alpha2beta1 ligand Asp-Gly-Glu-Ala (DGEA) and the alphaxbeta2 ligand Gly-Pro-Arg-Pro (GPRP), and virus-alpha2beta1 binding is increased by alpha2beta1 activation. In this study, we analyzed the effects of monomers and polymers containing DGEA-, GPRP-, and DGEA-related peptides on rotavirus binding and infection in intestinal (Caco-2) and kidney (MA104) cells and virus binding to recombinant alpha2beta1. Blockade of rotavirus-cell binding and..

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