Journal article

Apoptosis induced in synchronized human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected primary peripheral blood mononuclear cells is detected after the peak of CD4 T-lymphocyte loss and is dependent on the tropism of the gp120 envelope glycoprotein

VA Lawson, KA Silburn, PR Gorry, G Paukovic, DFJ Purcell, AL Greenway, DA McPhee

VIROLOGY | ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE | Published : 2004

Abstract

Disease progression in human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1)-infected individuals is frequently accompanied by declining CD4 cell numbers and the acquisition of a T-tropic (X4) or dual tropic (R5X4) phenotype. Understanding the mechanism of CD4 cell loss in HIV-1 infection is essential for the development of effective therapeutic strategies. In this study, donor populations of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were selected for their ability to support an equivalent acute infection by both R5 and X4 virus phenotypes. This demonstrated that CD4+ T-lymphocyte loss was due to the gp120 region of Env and was replication independent. Furthermore, apoptosis was only detected in cell..

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