Journal article

Nitrate leaching from temperate perennial pastures grazed by dairy cows in south-eastern Australia

RJ Eckard, RE White, R Edis, A Smith, DF Chapman

AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH | CSIRO PUBLISHING | Published : 2004

Abstract

Nitrate (NO3-N) leaching losses were measured over 3 years from a temperate grass/clover pasture with and without 200 kg N fertiliser/ha, applied as ammonium nitrate or urea, using a system of moles and tile drains. Fertiliser was applied in 4 split dressings of 50 kg N/ha in each of the 4 seasons of each year. Drainage was collected continuously and NO3-N concentrations in drainage water were measured in subsamples collected using a flow-proportioned sampler. Pastures were rotationally grazed with dairy cows at stocking rates equivalent to 1.9 or 2.8 cows/ha for the unfertilised and fertilised treatments, respectively. Soil water deficit (SWD) varied markedly between seasons and years, with..

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