Journal article

Dominantly inherited ataxia and dysphonia with dentate calcification: spinocerebellar ataxia type 20

MA Knight, RJ McKinlay Gardner, M Bahlo, T Matsuura, JA Dixon, SM Forrest, E Storey

BRAIN | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2004

Abstract

We describe a pedigree of Anglo-Celtic origin with a phenotypically unique form of dominantly inherited spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) in 14 personally examined affected members. A remarkable observation is dentate nucleus calcification, producing a low signal on MRI sequences. Unusually for an SCA, dysarthria is typically the initial manifestation. Mild pyramidal signs and hypermetric saccades are noted in some. Its distinguishing clinical features, each present in a majority of affected persons, are palatal tremor, and a form of dysphonia resembling spasmodic dysphonia. Repeat expansion detection failed to identify either CAG/CTG or ATTCT/AGAAT repeat expansions segregating with the disease ..

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