Reactive oxygen species in the cerebral circulation: physiological roles and therapeutic implications for hypertension and stroke.
Tamara M Paravicini, Grant R Drummond, Christopher G Sobey
Drugs | Springer Science and Business Media LLC | Published : 2004
It is now clear that reactive oxygen species (ROS) can act as signalling molecules in the cerebral circulation under both physiological and pathological conditions. Some major products of superoxide (O(2)(.)(-)) metabolism, such as hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) and hydroxyl radical (OH(.)), appear to be particularly good cerebral vasodilators and may, surprisingly, represent important molecules for increasing local cerebral blood flow. A major determinant of overall ROS levels in the cerebral circulation is the rate of generation of the parent molecule, O(2)(.)(-). Although the major enzymatic source of O(2)(.)(-) in cerebral arteries is yet to be conclusively established, the two most likely..View full abstract