Journal article

Biological activity and ferric ion binding of fragments of glycine-extended gastrin

H He, BP Shehan, KJ Barnham, RS Norton, A Shulkes, GS Baldwin

BIOCHEMISTRY | AMER CHEMICAL SOC | Published : 2004

Abstract

Nonamidated gastrins such as progastrin and glycine-extended gastrin17 (Ggly) induce cell proliferation and migration in vitro and colonic mucosal proliferation in vivo. Our earlier NMR study defined the structure of Ggly and showed that ferric ions are essential to its biological activity, with the first binding to Glu7 and the second to Glu8 and Glu9 (Pannequin, J. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 48602-48609). The aims of this study were to define the minimum biologically active fragment of Ggly and to determine whether ferric ions were also required for its activity. Cell-proliferation studies with Ggly fragments containing the five glutamate residues showed that the nonapeptide LE(5)AY..

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