Journal article

Terminal osteoblast differentiation, mediated by runx2 and p27(KIP1), is disrupted in osteosarcoma

DM Thomas, SA Johnson, NA Sims, MK Trivett, JL Slavin, BP Rubin, P Waring, GA McArthur, CR Walkley, AJ Holloway, D Diyagama, JE Grim, BE Clurman, DDL Bowtell, JS Lee, GM Gutierrez, DM Piscopo, SA Carty, PW Hinds

The Journal of Cell Biology | Rockefeller University Press | Published : 2004

Abstract

The molecular basis for the inverse relationship between differentiation and tumorigenesis is unknown. The function of runx2, a master regulator of osteoblast differentiation belonging to the runt family of tumor suppressor genes, is consistently disrupted in osteosarcoma cell lines. Ectopic expression of runx2 induces p27KIP1, thereby inhibiting the activity of S-phase cyclin complexes and leading to the dephosphorylation of the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein (pRb) and a G1 cell cycle arrest. Runx2 physically interacts with the hypophosphorylated form of pRb, a known coactivator of runx2, thereby completing a feed-forward loop in which progressive cell cycle exit promotes increased..

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