Journal article

Loxoscelism: Old obstacles, new directions

CJ Hogan, KC Barbaro, K Winkel

ANNALS OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE | MOSBY-ELSEVIER | Published : 2004

Abstract

Loxosceles spiders have a worldwide distribution and are considered one of the most medically important groups of spiders. Envenomation (loxoscelism) can result in dermonecrosis and, less commonly, a systemic illness that can be fatal. The mechanism of venom action is multifactorial and incompletely understood. The characteristic dermonecrotic lesion results from the direct effects of the venom on the cellular and basal membrane components, as well as the extracellular matrix. The initial interaction between the venom and tissues causes complement activation, migration of polymorphic neutrophils, liberation of proteolytic enzymes, cytokine and chemokine release, platelet aggregation, and blo..

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